What Does IRS Code 806 Mean On My Tax Transcript

Tax season can be a confusing time, filled with cryptic codes and unfamiliar numbers when it comes to checking your refund status. If you’ve been scrutinizing your IRS tax transcript (free via IRS online account) and stumbled upon “Code 806,” you’re not alone.

This seemingly innocuous code holds significant meaning for your taxes, and understanding it can bring clarity and peace of mind.

What is IRS Code 806?

Officially known as “Credit for Withheld Taxes and Excess FICA,” code 806 signifies the sum of federal income taxes and FICA (Social Security and Medicare) taxes.

Code 806 IRS transcript - Credit for Withheld Taxes and Excess FICA

Throughout the year, your employer diligently withholds these taxes from your paychecks. When you file your tax return, code 806 reflects the total amount withheld, which ultimately counts towards your tax liability.

Think of it this way: Code 806 is like a pre-payment you’ve made on your annual tax bill. During tax season, the IRS compares your total tax liability to the amount withheld. If code 806 reveals you’ve overpaid, you’ll receive a refund. Conversely, if the amount withheld falls short, you’ll owe the IRS the difference.

Where can I find IRS code 806?

Code 806 usually resides on your Form 1040, specifically on Line 64 for federal income tax withheld and Line 59 for FICA tax withheld.

It also appears on your tax transcript, which you can easily access through the IRS website or your tax filing software.

What does the amount next to code 806 mean?

The number adjacent to code 806 represents the total dollar amount of federal income taxes and FICA taxes your employer withheld throughout the year. Comparing this amount to your actual tax liability helps determine if you’re due a refund or owe additional taxes.

Here’s a helpful breakdown:

  • Refund: If the amount next to code 806 exceeds your tax liability, you’ll receive a refund from the IRS.
  • Tax owed: If the amount next to code 806 falls short of your tax liability, you’ll need to pay the difference to the IRS.

Look for code 846 on your transcript or IRS refund status tool to check the exact amount of your refund.

What if the amount on my transcript seems wrong?

While discrepancies are rare, it’s always wise to double-check. Here are some potential causes of inaccurate information:

  • Data entry errors: Human error can occur during the data entry process. If you suspect such an error, contact your employer or the IRS to verify the withheld amounts.

  • Multiple employers: If you had multiple employers in a year, their combined withholding might not be accurately reflected on a single transcript. Ensure your transcript includes information from all employers.

  • Special tax situations: Certain scenarios, like claiming dependents or receiving unemployment benefits, can impact withholding calculations. Consult with a tax professional if your situation isn’t reflected accurately.

What can I do to ensure accurate withholding in the future?

To avoid surprises next tax season, consider these proactive steps:

  • Review your W-4 form: This form dictates how much tax your employer withholds from your paycheck. Ensure it accurately reflects your income and dependents.
  • Adjust withholding if needed: Use the IRS withholding calculator to estimate your tax liability and adjust your W-4 accordingly, aiming for neither a large refund nor a significant tax bill at filing time.
  • Stay informed: Familiarize yourself with tax law changes and their potential impact on your withholding.


Understanding IRS code 806 empowers you to navigate your tax return with confidence. Remember, the amount signifies the pre-payment you’ve made towards your tax bill, determining whether you’re due a refund or owe additional taxes.

By staying informed and taking proactive steps, you can ensure accurate withholding and minimize surprises come tax season.

Disclaimer: This blog post is for informational purposes only and should not be construed as tax advice. For specific tax guidance, consult with a qualified tax professional.

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